Who is required to obtain a Youth Employment Certificate?
Youth Employment Certificate must be obtained before any youth under 18
years of age is employed UNLESS there is an exemption from the youth
employment requirements of the North Carolina Wage and Hour Act.
* Youths employed by the Federal government
* Youths employed in agriculture
* Youths employed as domestic workers (baby-sitters and companions)
* News delivery
Students who are employed by parents who are the sole
proprietor of a business are exempt from the age provisions of the North
Carolina Youth Employment Laws but must still obtain a permit.
Work Restrictions at Businesses With an ABC On-Premises License
Youth under age 18 may not prepare,
dispense, serve, or sell alcoholic beverages for any reason even if
employed by their parents. Youth 16-17 may be employed in the premises
to perform other duties including waitperson and cashier as long as
youth is not serving, taking orders or ringing up on-premisies alcoholic
beverages. Youth under age 16 may not work
in the premises for any reason. A limited exception exists for youth
under age 16 who are employed by their parents to work in the premises
to perform other duties. Youth 14-15 may work on the outside grounds to
perfom other duties with parent/guardian written permission (permit
signature is acceptable).
Hours/Time Restrictions for 14 and 15 Year Olds
14 and 15 years old may not be employed: (1) during school hours
(except provided for in Work Experience and Career Exploration
Programs); (2) before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m. except 9 p.m. during the
summer when school is not in session; (3) more than 3 hours per day on
school days; (4) more than 18 hours per week during the school week; (5)
more than 8 hours per day on non school days; (6) more than 40 hours
per week during non school hours.
Permitted/Prohibited Occupations for 14 and 15 Year Olds
addition to the restrictions under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act,
the North Carolina Wage and Hour Act and Regulations further restrict
occupations for youths under the age of 16. Generally 14 and 15 years
are permitted to work in offices, retail establishments, food service,
and gasoline service establishments.
Hours/Time Restrictions for 16 and 17 Year Olds
the regular school term, no youth under 18 years of age who is enrolled
in grade 12 or lower may be employed between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. when
there is school for the youth the next day,. Exceptions: (1) This
restriction does not apply to youths who have written permission from
the youth's guardian and the youth's principal, or (2) This restriction
does not apply to youths who have dropped out of school and are enrolled
in a GED program.
taken from, "A Guide to Youth Employment Laws and Regulations for
Issuing Youth Employment Certificates," February 2000, North Carolina
Department of Labor.